Parks and Protected Areas
In Labrador, parks and protected areas cover 3.3% Establishing the Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve and Eagle River Waterway Provincial Park raise it to about 8%. A number of parks and protected areas also exist across the Island. Read more
A protected area is “a clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values” (Dudley 2008: 8-9). Newfoundland and Labrador’s protected areas represent its natural and cultural heritage and provide opportunities for biodiversity conservation, scientific research, environmental education, outdoor recreation, and ecotourism. Many are places where rare or at-risk species live and/or breed. There are six (6) types of protected areas under provincial jurisdiction:
- Wilderness reserves
- Ecological reserves
- Provincial parks
- Wildlife reserves
- Crown reserves; and
- Special management areas.
The variety of Ecological Reserves include the Gannet Islands, seven islands off the coast of Cartwright, Little Grand Lake, and Redfir Lake-Kapitagas Channel in a remote part of southwestern Labrador. Provincial Parks include Duley Lake, Butter Pot, Barachois Pond, Pinware River, and many more. The proposed Eagle River Waterway Provincial Park, is adjacent to the Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve.
There are also seven (7) types of protected areas under federal jurisdiction:
- National Parks
- National Historic Sites
- National Marine Conservation Areas
- Migratory Bird Sanctuaries
- National Wildlife Areas
- Marine Wildlife Areas; and
- Marine Protected Areas.
Some National Parks include the Torngat Mountains National Park in northern Labrador, Terra Nova National Park on the Island, and the Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve, which is in the process of being established. The Red Bay National Historic Site and UNESCO World Heritage Site preserves the history of the 16th century Basque whaling industry. The Gilbert Bay Marine Protected Area, near William’s Harbour, protects a genetically distinct resident population of “golden” Atlantic cod.
Click here to see a breakdown of parks and protected areas in Newfoundland and Labrador.